2014 Traffic Sign Retroreflective Sheeting Identification GuideFHWA Publication Number: FHWA-SA-14-022. You may download and print the electronic version of this document, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/retro This document is intended to help identify sign sheeting materials for rigid signs and their common specification designations. It is not a qualified product list. FHWA does not endorse or approve sign sheeting materials. Many other sheeting materials not listed here are available for delineation and construction/work zone uses. Many sign sheeting materials have watermarks and/or patterns that are used to identify the material type and manufacturer. The watermarks shown in this guide have been enhanced. The watermarks will be less visible in practice and may not be present on smaller pieces of sheeting due to the spacing.
|Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale)|
|D4956-04||(5)||(5)||III, IV||III, IV, X||(5)||(5)||(5) / X||(5)|
|D4956-13||I||I||III, IV||III, IV||III, IV||III, IV||VIII||VIII|
|Manufacturer||3M™||Avery Dennison®||Avery Dennison®||3M™||ORAFOL Americas Inc||Nippon Carbide||Nippon Carbide||3M™|
|Brand Name||EGP||PEG||HIP||HIP||ORALITE® HIP||HIM||Crystal Grade||Reflective Sheeting|
|Series||3430||T-2500||T-6500||3930||5900/5930||CRG 94000||CRG 92000||3940|
|Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale)|
|D4956-04||VIII||VII, VIII, X||IX||IX||(5)||(5)||(5)||(5)|
|Manufacturer||Avery Dennison®||3M™||3M™||Avery Dennison®||Nippon Carbide||ORAFOL Americas Inc||3M™||Avery Dennison®|
|Brand Name||MVP Prismatic||Diamond Grade™ LDP||Diamond Grade™ VIP||OmniView™||Crystal Grade||ORALITE®||Diamond Grade™ DG3||OmniCube™|
|5) Material was either unavailable in 2005 (previous version of this Guide) or unassigned in the 2004 version of ASTM D4956. 6) Sheeting material does not meet minimum AASHTO classification criteria. 7) Material has been discontinued prior to AASHTO M268-10. 8) Section 2A.08 of the 2009 MUTCD (http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov) does not allow this sheeting type to be used for new yellow or orange signs, or new legends on green signs. 9) Material no longer sold in the United States as of the date of this publication.|
ResourcesFederal Highway Administration – http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/retro Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) – http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov Texas A&M Transportation Institute – http://tti.tamu.edu/visibility ASTM – http://www.astm.org AASHTO – http://www.transportation.org
1. What process do you use to print Mugs?
Mugs are printed by a CMYK digital print process.
2. What types of files do you accept for Mugs?
Acceptable files types at the moment are .pdf, .jpg, and .eps files.
3. What is the total print area for the Mugs?
The print area is 8.5x3 for the 11oz. Mug and 9x4 for the 15oz. Mug. It is then centered and wrapped around the mug. As you can see, the print area (GREEN) will be printed on the Mug. Anything outside that area (RED) will not be printed. Remember, the print area for the 11oz. Mug is 8.5x3 while the print area for the 15oz. Mug Above is an example of offset position for Mugs. As you can see, you can achive a left, center, or right print by positioning the logo or artwork accordingly on the 8.5x3 document size.
4. How can I get a sample of the Mugs?
You can purchase one Mug through our trade site if you need samples for your customers. We do not offer free samples at this time.
5. What background color should I use for the Mugs?
For White Mugs, the background color must be C-0 M-0 Y-0 K-0. White color for White Mugs will be ignored.
6. Do you offer templates to assist in setup for Mugs?
To help visualize setup and bleed rules, you can use our Mug templates available.
7. Do I need to setup my Mug files with Bleed?
The print area is 8.5x3 for the 11oz. Mug and 9x4 for the 15oz. Mug. It is then centered and wrapped around the mug.
8. Do I need to include crop marks for my Mug files?
No, please do not send your artwork with crop marks or any other printer marks, including crop marks, registration marks, or color bars.
Magnets are not always shipped flat, so it is highly recommended to lay them flat on the hood or roof of your car in the sun for a couple of hours before use. This will help evaporate any moisture build-up that accrued during shipment, if any, and it will help your magnets maintain a flat profile. You may want to keep them in a flat box or on a flat surface at all times and only handle them when cleaning and installing, to help maintain their flatness. We recommend you keep your magnets clean on both sides, as well as the placement area on your car door or area of your choosing must also be clean and free of oils, dust, dirt, and other build-up. It's a good idea to take your magnets inside your home or garage away from the elements and lay them flat in a cool dry place, while not in use. You can clean your magnets with a soft moist cotton cloth with water, no abrasive cleaners. It's recommended that you do not stand them up on their side, as they may wilt and might not lay completely flat on the surface of your car door after wilting. These suggestions are to help the longevity of your magnets.
Our rounded corner magnets have a 1" radius. If you would like assistance setting up your rounded corner magnets, please see the bottom section of our templates page for rounded corner magnet templates.
Our 14pt Metallic Pearl paper is a unique stock that shimmers in light when viewed from different angles. The stock itself is embedded with Pearl fibers that give the paper an overall smooth, metallic look. Printing on this stock will give your CMYK colors a subtle shimmer, however heavy ink densities or coverage may diminish the effect.
MONUMENT SIGN: A ground sign with low overall height.
MOBILE SIGN: A portable sign mounted on a trailer.
MESSAGE CENTER: An electronically or mechanically variable message sign enabling changes to be made from locations other than at the sign