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2014 Traffic Sign Retroreflective Sheeting Identification Guide

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This document is intended to help identify sign sheeting materials for rigid signs and their common specification designations. It is not a qualified product list. FHWA does not endorse or approve sign sheeting materials. Many other sheeting materials not listed here are available for delineation and construction/work zone uses. Many sign sheeting materials have watermarks and/or patterns that are used to identify the material type and manufacturer. The watermarks shown in this guide have been enhanced. The watermarks will be less visible in practice and may not be present on smaller pieces of sheeting due to the spacing.
Retroreflective Sheeting Materials Made with Glass Beads
Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting
ASTM D4956-04 I II II III III III III III
ASTM D4956-13 I II II III III III III III
AASHTO M268-13 (1) (1) (1) A A A A A
Manufacturer Several companies Avery Dennison® Nippon Carbide 3M™ ATSM, Inc. Avery Dennison® Nippon Carbide ORAFOL Americas Inc
Brand Name Engineer Grade Super Engr Grade Super Engr Grade High Intensity High Intensity High Intensity High Intensity ORALITE® High Intensity
Series Several T-2000 15000 2800 3800 ATSM HI T-5500 N500 5800
NOTES: (2) (8) (3) (4) (9) (4) (3) (4) (9) (4) (4) (4) (4)
1) Sheeting material does not meet minimum AASHTO classification criteria. 2) Glass Bead Engineer Grade sheeting is uniform without any patterns or identifying marks. 3) Material no longer sold in the United States as of the date of this publication. 4) Section 2A.08 of the 2009 MUTCD (http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov) does not allow this sheeting type to be used for new legends on green signs.
  • ASTM D4956-04 is referenced in Table 2A-3 of the 2009 MUTCD.
  • ASTM D4956-13 is the most current ASTM sign sheeting specification (the 2013 version is designated by "-13").
  • AASHTO M268-13 is the most current AASHTO specification (the 2013 version is designated by "-13").

Manufacturer Contact Information

3M – http://www.3M.com/roadwaysafety ATSM, Inc. – http://www.atsminc.com Avery Dennison – http://www.reflectives.averydennison.com Nippon Carbide – http://www.nikkalite.com ORAFOL Americas Inc. – http://www.orafolamericas.com
If you select the 14 pt. Gloss Coated Cover, Full Color Front/Grayscale Back, or Full Color Front/Blank Back, you will not have the option to select "No High Gloss UV Coating Back".
You do not see this option because we UV full color sides only.
This same rule applies when you select 16 pt. Dull Cover and 4/0 or 4/1; you will only see the option to apply High Gloss UV Coating on the front.
What is grayscale color mode? What is rich black? Grayscale color mode, also known as black and white color mode, is composed of two colors: black and white. It is used to reproduce an image with different shades of grey. A computer monitor represents only one form of black. In print, there are several ways to represent black, including "rich black". Rich black is a darker, deeper black that combines a percentage of all the four CMYK inks. The values to create rich black for coated stocks are: C = 30, M = 30, Y = 30, and K = 100. The values to create rich black for uncoated stocks are: C = 20, M = 20, Y = 20, and K = 100. For gray densities, we recommend that the file have the following color values: C=10, M=10, Y=10. For the K value, anything under 100 would be considered a gray.
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What are guidelines, and how do I prepare guidelines in my artwork? It is helpful to use guidelines in your artwork for print-ready files. Guidelines such as the safe zone, the trimming zone, and the bleed help designate where your product will be trimmed, as well as help you keep important elements such as text and graphics away from the trimming margin. Please provide us with a bleed all around your artwork, and make sure to keep all critical elements such as text and graphics within the Safe Zone.
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Our Gift Card Holders have optional slits that are sized to fit 2.125" x 3.375" Plastic Cards and Business Cards. Please be sure to test any other application to ensure it will fit into the slits as desired.
We offer two variations of Gift Cards Slits - Slide Slits and Moon Slits. You can choose from positioning the slits on the Inside Bottom Panel or on the Inside Right Panel. See attached illustration for a visual representation. Please be sure to use our templates.   ghtufghjghhjjkkklks
Grayscale images that are converted to CMYK will have a color shift in the final print. That shift may be green or yellow.
 GRAYSCALE ON SCREEN -------------------- GRAYSCALE AFTER PRINT
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 Always check the CMYK values of your grayscale in the final CMYK document. If there are other values other than K in your grayscale image, there is a chance that the color will vary.
 To eliminate all values other than K, use your Channel Mixer (adjustment layer) in Photoshop, then click "Monochrome" and adjust accordingly.
Grommets are the metal eyelets all around the edge of the banner that you use to hang the banner. These are also very important because the metal rings protect the banner from tearing. Make sure you use all the grommets when you hang a banner outside – putting all the strain on just the four corners can tear even the highest quality banner.
GROUND SIGN: A freestanding sign with no visible support structure.