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2014 Traffic Sign Retroreflective Sheeting Identification Guide

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This document is intended to help identify sign sheeting materials for rigid signs and their common specification designations. It is not a qualified product list. FHWA does not endorse or approve sign sheeting materials. Many other sheeting materials not listed here are available for delineation and construction/work zone uses. Many sign sheeting materials have watermarks and/or patterns that are used to identify the material type and manufacturer. The watermarks shown in this guide have been enhanced. The watermarks will be less visible in practice and may not be present on smaller pieces of sheeting due to the spacing.
Retroreflective Sheeting Materials Made with Glass Beads
Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting Example of Sheeting
ASTM D4956-04 I II II III III III III III
ASTM D4956-13 I II II III III III III III
AASHTO M268-13 (1) (1) (1) A A A A A
Manufacturer Several companies Avery Dennison® Nippon Carbide 3M™ ATSM, Inc. Avery Dennison® Nippon Carbide ORAFOL Americas Inc
Brand Name Engineer Grade Super Engr Grade Super Engr Grade High Intensity High Intensity High Intensity High Intensity ORALITE® High Intensity
Series Several T-2000 15000 2800 3800 ATSM HI T-5500 N500 5800
NOTES: (2) (8) (3) (4) (9) (4) (3) (4) (9) (4) (4) (4) (4)
1) Sheeting material does not meet minimum AASHTO classification criteria. 2) Glass Bead Engineer Grade sheeting is uniform without any patterns or identifying marks. 3) Material no longer sold in the United States as of the date of this publication. 4) Section 2A.08 of the 2009 MUTCD (http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov) does not allow this sheeting type to be used for new legends on green signs.
  • ASTM D4956-04 is referenced in Table 2A-3 of the 2009 MUTCD.
  • ASTM D4956-13 is the most current ASTM sign sheeting specification (the 2013 version is designated by "-13").
  • AASHTO M268-13 is the most current AASHTO specification (the 2013 version is designated by "-13").

Manufacturer Contact Information

3M – http://www.3M.com/roadwaysafety ATSM, Inc. – http://www.atsminc.com Avery Dennison – http://www.reflectives.averydennison.com Nippon Carbide – http://www.nikkalite.com ORAFOL Americas Inc. – http://www.orafolamericas.com FHWA Publication Number: FHWA-SA-14-022. You may download and print the electronic version of this document, available at www.fhwa.dot.gov/retro This document is intended to help identify sign sheeting materials for rigid signs and their common specification designations. It is not a qualified product list. FHWA does not endorse or approve sign sheeting materials. Many other sheeting materials not listed here are available for delineation and construction/work zone uses. Many sign sheeting materials have watermarks and/or patterns that are used to identify the material type and manufacturer. The watermarks shown in this guide have been enhanced. The watermarks will be less visible in practice and may not be present on smaller pieces of sheeting due to the spacing.
Retroreflective Sheeting Materials Made with Micro-Prism
Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale)
D4956-04 (5) (5) III, IV III, IV, X (5) (5) (5) / X (5)
D4956-13 I I III, IV III, IV III, IV III, IV VIII VIII
M268-13 (6) (6) B B B B B B
Manufacturer 3M™ Avery Dennison® Avery Dennison® 3M™ ORAFOL Americas Inc Nippon Carbide Nippon Carbide 3M™
Brand Name EGP PEG HIP HIP ORALITE® HIP HIM Crystal Grade Reflective Sheeting
Series 3430 T-2500 T-6500 3930 5900/5930 CRG 94000 CRG 92000 3940
NOTES: (8) (8)
Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale) Example of Sheeting (Shown to scale)
D4956-04 VIII VII, VIII, X IX IX (5) (5) (5) (5)
D4956-13 VIII VIII IX IX IX IX XI XI
M268-13 B (7) B B B B D D
Manufacturer Avery Dennison® 3M™ 3M™ Avery Dennison® Nippon Carbide ORAFOL Americas Inc 3M™ Avery Dennison®
Brand Name MVP Prismatic Diamond Grade™ LDP Diamond Grade™ VIP OmniView™ Crystal Grade ORALITE® Diamond Grade™ DG3 OmniCube™
Series T-7500 3970 3990 T-9500 95000 7900 4000 T-11500
NOTES: (9) (9)
5) Material was either unavailable in 2005 (previous version of this Guide) or unassigned in the 2004 version of ASTM D4956. 6) Sheeting material does not meet minimum AASHTO classification criteria. 7) Material has been discontinued prior to AASHTO M268-10. 8) Section 2A.08 of the 2009 MUTCD (http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov) does not allow this sheeting type to be used for new yellow or orange signs, or new legends on green signs. 9) Material no longer sold in the United States as of the date of this publication.

Resources

Federal Highway Administration – http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/retro Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) – http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov Texas A&M Transportation Institute – http://tti.tamu.edu/visibility ASTM – http://www.astm.org AASHTO – http://www.transportation.org
When using arrows on a double sided sign, special care will need to be taken with the direction of the arrows. If you want the arrows on both sides of the sign to point the same direction when the sign is printed the arrows need to be setup in opposite directions on the production files. It's complicated, we know. dfsfs
It is not always necessary to scale your artwork. Scaling artwork can help to keep the file size manageable. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you are scaling your artwork.
Vector Art Grand4mat is able to print outdoor banners as large as 150ft x 16ft, however most software is not able to produce an art board larger than 228". Adobe Acrobat and other PDF readers / converters are only able to view a maximum file size of 200", resulting in a loss of artwork. For this reason, it is recommended to submit files at a smaller scale than the ordered size.
Raster Art Raster files are calculated by pixels rather than inches. The pixels are converted to inches based on the resolution of a file. The equation for the conversion is (pixels divided by dpi = inches). Raster files have a limitation of 30,000 pixels. A file that is 30,000 pixels set at 150 dpi will be 16' (200"). If your artwork is more than 30,000 pixels, we recommend dropping your dpi or scaling down your artwork.
Resolution & Scale Charts Grand4Mat is fully automated and expands/constricts file sizes to the ordered size. Resolution varies based on the substrate and ink used to print the final product. If your artwork needs to be scaled, we recommend using the following information as a basic guide:
Outdoor Banners: Full scale at approximately 100dpi Half scale at approximately 200dpi Quarter scale at approximately 300dpi
Note: Banners larger than 15 feet will print below 100dpi
Flags: Full scale at approximately 150dpi
Canvas: Full scale at approximately 250dpi
Coroplast and Adhesive Vinyl Full scale at approximately 200dpi
Foamcore: Full scale at approximately 250dpi
PVC: Full scale at approximately 250dpi
Indoor Banners, Car Magnets, Floor Graphics and Large Posters: Full scale at approximately 300dpi
Table Runners: Full scale at approximately 200dpi
Adhesive Vinyl: Full scale at 100 dpi. vector artwork is preferred
Postcards can be mailed with 1/8" (0.125") radius corners only and are available with Our Mailing services at an additional cost. Announcement Cards can be mailed with 1/8" (0.125") radius corners only, but Our Mailing services are not available for these products. Cards with 1/4" (0.25") radius corners can be mailed in an envelope. See USPS regulations at the following link: http://pe.usps.com/text/dmm300/201.htm#wp1042477
Appropriately sized (A2, A6, A7, A9 and 6.5" square) 70# Natural White Text blank envelopes are offered as an option with our Natural Greeting Cards and Announcement Cards.
With Akuafoil, you can turn a wide range of CMYK colors into multi-colored foils. Akuafoil uses a special processed foil system that is applied under a 4/c process to create an array of foil colors. It's simple, affordable, and makes your prints stand out from the crowd.
 For an Akuafoil job, you must include an Akuafoil mask file along with your CMYK file. The mask file indicates where the Akuafoil will be applied. The file setup is the same as Spot UV. Use 100% K where Akuafoil needs to be applied and white where the Akuafoil is not applied.
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 As shown above, the file on the left is the normal CMYK print file. If you want the logo to be Akuafoil, then your Akuafoil mask file should look like the file on the right. The white indicates no Akuafoil and black 100% K indicates where the Akuafoil will be applied. When uploading, please remember to upload separate files.
 Here are some more things to keep in mind when creating your Akuafoil artwork:
 Make sure the mask and CMYK print file are aligned. They should match exactly in size and position.
  • Akuafoil works best on lighter colors. The darker the CMYK color, the less vibrant the Akuafoil effect.
  • Do not use very thin or small text and artwork with Akuafoil. Use San Serif fonts above 12 point for best results.
    • If you have Akuafoil applied to a white area, it will have a plain silver Akuafoil look.
    • For better quality we recommend creating mask files in vector based programs such as Illustrator or CorelDRAW.
 If you would like plain silver Akuafoil to print, make sure to have at least 15% K in the CMYK print file area in order to obtain the highest quality silver Akuafoil effect.
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 When creating knockouts in the Akuafoil mask or in the CMYK print file, please be aware that there might be a "Halo" of white around the knockout area. Below are two examples: On the left, a file with a CMYK magenta background and a knockout for the Akuafoil text. On the right, an Akuafoil background with a knockout for the CMYK text.
 CMYK KNOCKOUT W/AKUAFOIL FILL
 CMYK print File
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 Akuafoil File
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 AKUAFOIL KNOCKOUT W/CMYK FILL
 CMYK print File
 ffththftftrftht
 Akuafoil File
 iuuyhgghgha
 These are the printed results:
 CMYK KNOCKOUT W/AKUAFOIL FILL
 gfffrffhft
 AKUAFOIL KNOCKOUT W/CMYK FILL
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 You can see the white "Halo" in-between the CMYK ink and the Akuafoil. To prevent this, grow/stroke the Akuafoil area in the mask by 1 point. This will allow the Akuafoil to bleed into the CMYK area, reducing the white "Halo" effect. You can also fill in the knockout with a color to reduce the effect further.
Aqueous Coating: This finish is shiny and smooth, and is done in line flood coated on the press. It provides a high-gloss surface that deters dirt and fingerprints
AWNING SIGN: A building mounted sign that provides additional functionality as shelter.
ANNUAL AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC (ANNUAL ADT): Measurement representing the total number of vehicles passing a given location each day. These counts can usually be obtained from your State Highway Department.
ANIMATED SIGN: A sign depicting action, motion, light or color changes through electrical or mechanical means. Although technologically similar to flashing signs, the animated sign emphasizes graphics and artistic display.